HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN PERAWATAN DIRI PADA PASIEN GANGGUAN JIWA DI DESA BANTUR, PUSKESMAS BANTUR, KABUPATEN MALANG
Introduction: Mental disorders occur due to an individual's psychological condition where the body functions decrease, feels depressed, uncomfortable, and decreases the function of the individual's role in society. Objective: To identify family support for mental patients in Bantur Village, Bantur Health Center, Malang Regency. Methods: This study uses a correlational analytic design to determine the relationship between categorical variables. The approach used in this research process was cross-sectional which looked for the relationship between family support and self-care in patients with mental disorders in Bantur Village, Bantur Health Center, Malang Regency. Results: The results showed that almost all of the family support in patients with mental disorders were categorized as having insufficient family support, namely as many as 32 people, self-care in patients with mental disorders, almost all respondents were categorized as partially dependent, namely as many as 36 people, and the results of hypothesis testing obtained a significant value of 0.000 (p value ≤ 0.05) which means that the data is declared significant and H1 is accepted, meaning that there is a relationship between family support and self-care in patients with mental disorders at the Bantur Health Center, Bantur Village, Malang Regency. Discussion: Family support for patients with mental disorders is of course very meaningful, this is to make patients feel that they are cared for, so of course it will encourage them to be more enthusiastic in carrying out activities, especially in caring for themselves. This is in line with the opinion expressed by Karmila (2016), that the family is an intermediary for the needs and expectations of other family members, this is because the family can meet the psychological needs of family members with love. Thus, researchers can assume that the attitude and behavior of the family in providing support for patients with mental disorders is very important, because the existence of family support can reduce the stress experienced by patients so that the stress experienced is not prolonged which can have a negative impact on the patient's psyche. Suggestion: Future researchers who examine the same theme related to mental disorders, are expected to examine other factors that are related to the independence of patients with mental disorders in caring for themselves.
Keywords: family support; Self-Care and Mental Patients